Euro-Mid Observer for Human Rights

Defending Individuals' Freedom throughout the MENA Region

The Middle East is the birthplace and spiritual center of many religions, and has been a major center of world affairs. It is a strategically, economically, politically, culturally, and religiously sensitive area.

In the 20th century, the region's significant stocks of crude oil gave it new strategic and economic importance. This has led world powers to intervene and seek influence in the region. Dictatorial regimes have caused oppression often resulting in violations of human rights. Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, the Middle-East has experienced both periods of relative peace and tolerance and periods of conflict and war.

Although protests demanding democratic reforms have taken place for decades in the Arab streets, the Arab Spring, a media term for the revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests (both non-violent and violent) in the Arab world, has given a new dimension to the region. Since December 2012, riots and civil wars began against dictatorships and absolute monarchies, human rights violations, political corruption economic decline, and a number of demographic structural factors.

With these waves of protests, severe human rights violations are occurring on a daily base involving large segments of the Arab population. Additionally, the Euro-Mid Observer for Human Rights denounces violations on the deprivation of freedoms of association, speech and expression; and access to water, education and free movement.

Although a wide variety of local and regional organizations document and report these violations, they are often stymied by the repressive regimes in which they must operate and rarely gain the attention of bodies at the European and global levels that have the authority to demand accountability. The Euro-Mid Observer for Human Rights fulfills this gap and denounces violations and shortcomings.